These soils are characterized by the increased acidity of the surface horizons (p H 4.3) and the development of lessivage.
William Kiichelbecker, Andrew Rosen, Michael Naryshkin were among them. Kurgan became the center of trade in agriculture and animal husbandry products (bread, meat, oil, leather).
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At the beginning of the 19th century, the town received the first school, hospital, and a fire station with a lookout tower.
Given the distance from the center of Russia, the town was used by the authorities as a place of exile.