;2 T -^ 1 ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 3 1833 00829 4701 ,/ VIEW IN BISMARCK GROVE. The territorial government was formed, and armed conflicts took place; fire, rapine, pillage, bloodshed. Locate it back beyond the days of our grandfathers, and it would, perhaps, cover but few important events; but that quarter of a century which marks the early days of Kansas, is an era of moral and material progress unexampled in the history of nations. The world is changing around them, and they live in it unchanged. The complete and bound files of all my papers, with twenty-five sets of the Hei-ald of Freedom, which I had preserved with great care to present to the historical and liter- ary societies of Kansas, when properly organized, were burned at . A., Vermont Barnes, A., Barne.sville, O., July 15, 1848. Politics stepped into the arena, and the air was filled with strife. A quarter of a century denotes but a small part of the world's duration. They are like blind men in a land of light ; deaf men in a land of song : they can neither see nor hear. I read from a copy which my good wife found, with twenty-three additional numbers, under a carpet, in house-cleaning time, where they had been placed by a former owner of the property, being all that now remains to me of the fruitage of fourteen years of continuous journalism, six of which were in Lawrence. There were times of strife, now the hour is one of peace. Ah, gentlemen of the South, the great Virginian would have builded better. Dayton, Alexander Gardner, Richard Menden- hall, Charles A. You will please remember while I read that I left Kansas on the morning after President Lincoln's assassination, the 14th of April, 1865, at the close of the rebellion, while yet the blackened ruins of your crumbling walls remained, though here and there new structures were rapidly rising, among which was the Eldridge House, now the Ludington, the successor of the Free State Hotel. Gc 978.1 1433881 ©KNCALOGY x:0LLECT10M Compliments of F. THE ANSAS Memorial,'^ A REPORT OF THE ' Old Settlers' Meetini HELD AT BISMARCK GROVE, KANSAS, September 15th and 16th, 1879. Whatever of strife the exi- gencies of politics may have engendered in the past ; whatever dif- ferences of opinion may have been entertained; whatever of local disturbances may have occurred in the earlier days of Kansas, hap- pily for her and happily for all the people, the acerbity of those days belongs to the past alone and serves only as a milestone in the history of the State. They hug their delusions to their withered breasts, and dance their weird dances in their skeleton carnivals, Hstening only to the dreary strains of their ghastly theories, without dream- ing that the Vesuvius of the Census is coming on to exhaust them ! that terrible Quantrill Raid, on the 21st of August, 1863, when near two hundred of your best citizens were ruthlessly slain, and your were destroyed by fire. A celebration was held annually thereafter until 1877. At a meeting of this committee held April loth, 1879, a committee on invitations was appointed, as follows : James S. At a meeting held August 6th, the State Historical Society was requested to cooperate with the committee in making arrangements for and conducting the 6 THE KANSAS MEMORIAL. This culminated in the election of Lane to the Senate, April 4th, 1 86 1. And yet it is not strange, because they finally saw that all these acquisitions were not to extend but to stop the advancing tide of human slavery. Flowing directly from this as a natural result, all the wide national domain north, west and south of us was converted into free States and free Territories. The first Old Settlers' celebration at Lawrence was held Sep- tember 15th, 1870. Smith, the last named gentlemen being chosen secretary of the commit- tee. Charles Robinson was also appointed a committee to confer with railroads in relation to transportation. The second period may be characterized as the period of political organization, during which occurred the bitter struggle for leadership among the old free state leaders. Strange that he should have conquered the Federalists of the North who voted against the purchase of Louisiana, and that his ideas should have conquered the Whigs of the North who opposed the annexation of Texas and the acquisition of California. Many a day of gloom was ushered in, but with earnest faith and resolute endeavor, we pressed forward, conscious that we were sustained by the true and good everywhere. A free Commonwealth, giving protection and security to every citizen was fully established, under whose aegis your population has swollen in a quarter of a century to num- bers closely approximating a million. -0 1 1| NOT a grave of the murdered for Freedom But grows seeds of a wider Freedom, Which the winds carry afar and sow, And the snows and the rains nourish. A few settlements clung to the eastern border ; agri- culture had scarcely pushed a rifle's shot into this wild domain; Indians roamed at will over the great plains, swooping down now and then upon the scattered settlements with murderous intent; buffalo in countless herds tramped the boundless prairie to the hardness of pavement; a few faithful missionaries established schools among the tribes; the people were heterogeneous, poor and almost purposeless. Out of the smoke and clouds of the earlier conflict has arisen a Commonwealth greater in its present achievements and far greater in its inevitable future than the most sanguine pioneer could have prophesied. His living contemporaries in the South still refuse to study the great lesson. Offering sweet incense to the sunrise, smiles To see a babe before his mother's door, Sharing his morning's meal With the tame and stately buffalo That lies down at his feet." Whilst I am fully conscious that you wait with impatience the better things in store for you from the eloquent gentlemen from abroad, and the champions of free institutions at home, I know you will excuse me a few minutes longer while I read the closing paragraph of a leading editorial, published in the Herald of Free- dom, an old-time paper which all the old settlers of Kansas, I trust, will remember with some satisfaction. Entered according to the act of Congress, in the year 1879, by RAMSEY, MILLETT & HUDSON, In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. 1433881 TO THOSE WHO RESCUED KANSAS FROM THE PERILS OF SLAVERY, AND WERE ,, FIRST IN HELPING HER TO WAYS OF PLEASANTNESS 2;" AND THE PATHS OF PEACE, THIS BOOK ^ IS INSCRIBED. To take charge of such preparations, the following committee was appointed : James Blood, Robert Morrow, E. These years, though not with- out their times of trouble and discouragement, have been years of peace and prosperity, witnessing an era of material advancement the like of which has rarely been recorded on the pages of history. Only a vast unexplored ter- ritory stretching from the Missouri river westward to the Rocky Mountains. People flocked into the new Commonwealth and a new era was inaugurated. Lincoln to Great Britain to assist the Union cause during the Rebellion, wrote a series of letters for English circulation, comparing the old Slave and Free States in population, industry, commerce, and intelligence. But had he lived to make a contrast between Kansas and Kentucky, or between Kansas and Louisiana, what a picture he would have drawn ! Shelley, seventy years ago, with poetical vision saw, and in glowing beauty described the glorious transformation. 53 me revive your recollection by stating that in all our maps printed prior to 1854, all that vast region lying west of the Missouri, ex- tending thence to the Rocky Mountains, now embraced in the hmits of Kansas, was marked as "The Great American Desert, inhabited by buffaloes and roving tribes of wild Indians." I read from Shel- ley's Queen Mab : "These deserts of immeasurable sand, Whose age-collected fervors scarce allowed A bird to live, a blade of grass to spring, Where the shrill chirp of the green lizard's love Broke on the sultry silentness alone, Now teem with countless rills and shady woods, Cornfields and pastures, and white cottages ; And where the startled wilderness beheld A savage conqueror stained in kindred blood, A panther sating with the flesh of lambs, The unnatural famine of her toothless cubs, Whilst shouts and bowlings through the desert rang ; Sloping and smooth the daisy-spangled lawn.
A republican President, on a distant continent, was also seeking to aggran- dize his country. And without interrupting either of these meliorations for an in- stant — without imposing a single new exaction on his people — he acquired, peaceably and permanently for his country, more extensive and fertile do- mains than ever for a moment owned the sway of Napoleon — more exten- sive ones than his gory plume ever floated over. One of the best brief descriptions of it was by Noble L. Calhoun's ideas to indoctrinate the South; and if he had failed to stop the poison, he would have demanded, at the close of the civil war, and in the face of the generosity proffered to the South by the North, " both hands full," that his people should not be held back in the new race for empire. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : So many memories come thronging to my mind at this moment that I scarcely know where to begin. Seward said in a speech made in Massachusetts street, Lawrence: "If I should ever grow lukewarm and cold in the great struggle now going on in this new world, I will come back here to Kansas, and, in the presence of a great State saved to freedom, at her shrine renew my devotion." In that spirit, we gather this day to celebrate this, our twenty-fifth year; and, in looking back through the past eventful years, on and up to this good hour so full of hope and promise, may we not without presumption, without fanaticism, trace a power above man's power, a wisdom above man's wisdom, in the fortunes and destiny of Kansas ? In this connection allow me in few words to state a fact which should pass into history, that the first number of the Herald of Freedom, consisting of 21,000 copies, at a cash cost to me of 0, was printed on my power press at Conneautville, Pa. Prentis, author of "A Kansan Abroad," who wrote: "One of the things which may be considered worthy of a little Kansas self-gratulation at this quarter-century celebration is the creation of such a place as Bis- marck Grove. He would point them to the gigantic growth of the North under free institutions and the 48 THE KANSAS MEMORIAL. This is an hour of triumph — a call for gratitude and renewed consecration to the principles of liberty. A nameless sorrow fills our hearts when we miss so many dear, familiar faces of the early pioneers who have gone from us. , and complet- ed on the 3ist of September, 1854, though bearing date a month later. Leonard were added to the committee on transportion at this meeting, and it was determined that the Celebration should continue through two days, Monday and Tuesday, September 15th and 1 6th, 1879. The post-bellum period, from 1865 to the present time. His very faults had more of virtue in them than the good deeds of other men. He was a Democrat because he was truly an intelligent man ; because he saw things as they are, not as they seem. and Territory of Kansas, in 2d judicial district of said Territory, certify that I have compared the above with the original and certify the same to be a true copy thereof. The rains descended in grateful profusion; and a cloudless sun vitalized the whole, and assured us of a glorious fruition. The period subsequent to January ist, 1861, and prior to January ist, 1865; and IV. "Thomas Jefferson," says a recent critical writer, "was the model American citizen, whose writings contain more to instruct and guide his countrymen in the duties of citizen- ship than those of any other man. We looked upon its soil and saw there the ele- ments of perfected physical manhood. Bache, Anna C, Harrisonville, Mo., August 18, 1842.